Stomatorhinus

Stomatorhinus Boulenger 1898

Languages: English

Overview

General Description

Stomatorhinus are small-sized mormyrids diagnosed by widely separated nostrils on each side of the head, with the posterior nostrils located beneath the anterior nostrils and close to the rictus of the mouth (in all other mormyrid genera the posterior nostrils are remote from the mouth). A second putative synapomorphy for the genus comes from the study of neuroanatomy: the electrosensory lateral line lobe has two distinct zones on each side of the midline in seven assayed species of Stomatorhinus in contrast to the three distinct zones found in all other mormyrid species examined to date (Bell & Russell 1978; McNamara et al. 2005).

The body is short to somewhat elongate, with the greatest body depth between pelvic and anal fin origins. Teeth are bicuspid (7-10 upper/8-10 lower) and there is no chin swelling as found in Marcusenius and some other genera. The pelvic fins lie nearer the pectoral fin than the anal fin and the dorsal fin base is only slightly shorter than that of the anal fin. The dorsal fin has one or two simple rays in advance of the segmented rays, visible only in radiographs or cleared and stained material.

Author(s): Sullivan, John P.
Rights holder(s): Sullivan, John P.

Description

Diagnostic Description

Species Depth in SL  Eye in HL  GG  GG  GG  GG  GG  GG  GGGG  GG  GG  
                         
                         
                         
                         
                         
                         
                         
                         
                         
                         
                         
                         
Author(s): Sullivan, John P.
Rights holder(s): Sullivan, John P.

Electric Organ Discharge

The EODs of four Stomatorhinus species are reported in Sullivan & Hopkins (2005); apart from the longer duration EODs reported for some breeding males, they are very short (<100 ms in total duration) and have between four and six phases.

Author(s): Sullivan, John P.
Rights holder(s): Sullivan, John P.

Size

Adult size from 40 mm SL (S. ivindoensis) to over 100 mm SL in the larger species.

Author(s): Sullivan, John P.
Rights holder(s): Sullivan, John P.

Ecology and Distribution

Distribution

Thirteen species are recognized in this genus: eleven from the Congo Basin, and two from the Lower Guinea ichthyofaunal province (Hopkins et al., 2007).  Within the latter, no species are known to occur north of the Ogooué/Ivindo basin.

Author(s): Sullivan, John P.
Rights holder(s): Sullivan, John P.

References

[Anonymous] (Submitted).  .
Boulenger, G. A. (1898).  Matériaux pour la faune du Congo. Poissons nouveaux du Congo. Première Partie. Mormyres. Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology). 1, 1-20, Pls. 1-9.
 
Boulenger, G. A. (1899).  A revision of the genera and species of fishes of the family Mormyridae. Proceedings of the General Meetings for Scientific Business of the Zoological Society of London. 1898, 775-821.
Boulenger, G. A. (1899).  Matériaux pour la faune du Congo. Poissons nouveaux du Congo. Quatrième Partie. Polyptères, Clupes, Mormyres, Characins.. Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology). 1, 59-96, Pls. 30-39.
Boulenger, G. A. (1909).  Catalogue of the Fresh-Water Fishes of Africa in the British Museum (Natural History). I, 373. London: British Museum (Natural History).
 
David, L., & Poll M. (1937).  Contribution à la faune ichthyologique du Congo Belge: Collections du Dr. H. Schouteden (1924-1926) et d'autres récolteurs. Annales du Musée du Congo Belge (Série 1). 3 (fasc. 5), 189–294.
 
Günther, A. C. L. G. (1867).  New fishes from the Gaboon and Gold Coast. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 3). 20, 110–117; Pls 2, 3..
 
Harder, W. (2000).  The Mormyridae and other Osteoglossomorpha (CD-ROM). World Biodiversity Database, CD-ROM Series. 2000, New York: Springer Verlag, ETI-UNESCO.
Hopkins, C. D., Lavoué S., & Sullivan J. P. (2007).  12. Mormyridae. (StiassnyM L J., TeugelsG G., HopkinsC D., Ed.).The Fresh and Brackish Water Fishes of Lower Guinea, West-Central Africa. 1, 220–334.
 
Matthes, H. (1964).  Les poissons du lac Tumba et de la region d'Ikela. Étude systématique et écologique. Annales du Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale Série 8 Zoologie. 126, 1-204, Pls. 1-6.
Pellegrin, J. (1924).  Description de Mormyridés nouveaux. Récoltés au Congo Belge par le Dr. Schouteden. Revue Zoologique Africaine. 12, 1-8.
 
Poll, M. (1939).  Les Poissons du Stanley-Pool. Annales du Musée du Congo belge. C.–Zoologie Série I.. 4, 1-60.
 
Poll, M. (1941).  Étude systématique et morphologique d'une collection de poissons de l'Uele (Congo Belge), comprenant trois espèces nouvelles. Bulletin du Musée Royal d'Historie Naturelle de Belgique . 17, 1–18.
 
Poll, M. (1945).  Descriptions de Mormyridae et de Characidae nouveaux du Congo belge avec une étude du genre Stomatorhinus et des genres de Characidae nains africains. Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines. 39, 36–77.
 
Sauvage, H. E. (1879).  Notice sur la faune ichthyologique de l'Ogôoué. Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série). 3, 90–103.
 
Sullivan, J. P., & Hopkins C. D. (2005).  A new Stomatorhinus (Osteoglossomorpha: Mormyridae) from the Ivindo River, Gabon, West Central Africa. Zootaxa. 847, 1-23.
 
Taverne, L. (1972).  Ostéologie des genres Mormyrus Linné, Mormyrops Müller, Hyperopisus Gill, Myomyrus Boulenger, Stomatorhinus Boulenger et Gymnarchus Cuvier. Considérations générales sur la systématique des Poissons de l’ordre des Mormyriformes. Annales du Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale, Sciences Zoologiques. 200, 1–194.
Vinciguerra, D. (1928).  Pesci raccolti dal March. Saverio Patrizi nel bacino del Congo. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale `Giacomo Doria'. 53, 1–28.