Cyphomyrus

Cyphomyrus Myers, 1960

Languages: English

Overview

General Description

Original description of genus in Myers, G.S. (1960):

TYPE  SPECIES:  Marcusenius psittacus Boulenger. 

Dorsal fin origin situated definitely anterior to anal fin origin. Dorsal fin with more rays than anal fin, and with its base longer than that of anal fin. Base of anal fin over half as long as base of dorsal fin. Mouth definitely inferior, or the chin with a short bulbous protuberance which hides the essentially inferior position of the mouth. Teeth present only in the middle of the jaws, the median symphysial pair in the lower jaw not greatly enlarged. Body compact, deep, compressed, predorsal profile of the back convex or humped. Origin of pelvic fins closer to base of pectoral fin than to origin of anal fin. Gill openings restricted, not extending below base of pelvic fin. Vertebrae 50 or fewer.

The name is derived from kuphos (Greek), a hunchback, and muros (Greek),
the often-used combining form of mormuros, a kind of fish, later transferred to mormyr, an Egyptian mormyrid.

Author(s): Myers, G.S.
Rights holder(s): Myers, G.S.

References

Banister, K. E., & Bailey R. G. (1979).  Fishes collected by the Zaïre River Expedition, 1974-75. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 66,
 
Bigorne, R. (1990).  Mormyridae. (LévêqueC., PaugyD., TeugelsG G., Ed.).Faune des poissons d'eaux douces et saumâtres de l'Afrique de l'Ouest = The fresh and brackish water fishes of West Africa. 122-184. Paris, Tervuren (Belgium): ORSTOM, MRAC.
 
Bigorne, R. (2003).  Mormyridae. Faune des poissons d'eaux douces et saumâtres de l'Afrique de l'Ouest. 1, 154-222.
Boden, G., Teugels G. G., & Hopkins C. D. (1997).  A systematic revision of the large-scaled Marcusenius with description of a new species from Cameroon (Teleostei; Osteoglossomorpha; Mormyridae). Journal of Natural History. 31, 1645-1682. Abstract
 
Boulenger, G. A. (1897).  Descriptions of new fishes from the upper Congo.–II. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6). 20, 422-427.
 
Boulenger, G. A. (1898).  Matériaux pour la faune du Congo. Poissons nouveaux du Congo. Première Partie. Mormyres. Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology). 1, 1-20, Pls. 1-9.
 
Boulenger, G. A. (1899).  A revision of the genera and species of fishes of the family Mormyridae. Proceedings of the General Meetings for Scientific Business of the Zoological Society of London. 1898, 775-821.
Boulenger, G. A. (1906).  Fourth contribution to the ichthyology of Lake Tanganyika.--Report on the collection of fishes made by Dr. W. A. Cunnington during the Third Tanganyika Expedition, 1904-1905. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London. 17, 537–619, Pls. 30–41.
 
Boulenger, G. A. (1909).  Catalogue of the Fresh-Water Fishes of Africa in the British Museum (Natural History). I, 373. London: British Museum (Natural History).
 
David, L., & Poll M. (1937).  Contribution à la faune ichthyologique du Congo Belge: Collections du Dr. H. Schouteden (1924-1926) et d'autres récolteurs. Annales du Musée du Congo Belge (Série 1). 3 (fasc. 5), 189–294.
 
Harder, W. (2000).  The Mormyridae and other Osteoglossomorpha (CD-ROM). World Biodiversity Database, CD-ROM Series. 2000, New York: Springer Verlag, ETI-UNESCO.
Kramer, B., & van der Bank F. H. (2011).  The Victoria Falls, a species boundary for the Zambezi Parrotfish, Cyphomyrus discorhynchus (Peters, 1852), and the resurrection of Cyphomyrus cubangoensis (Pellegrin, 1936) (Mormyridae: Teleostei). Journal of Natural History. 45,
Lévêque, C., & Bigorne R. (1985).  Le genre Hippopotamyrus (Pisces, Mormyridae) en Afrique de l'Ouest, avec la description d'Hippopotamyrus paugyi n. sp.. Cybium. 9, 175-192.
 
Myers, G. S. (1960).  The mormyrid genera Hippopotamyrus and Cyphomyrus. Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin. 7, 123-125.
 
Pellegrin, J. (1936).  Contribution à l'Ichtyologie de l'Angola. Arquivos do Museu Bocage. 7, 45–62.
Peters, W. (1852).  Diagnosen von neuen Flussfischen aus Mossambique. Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeigneten Verhandlunreuss.Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin. 1852, 273–276, 681–685.
 
Poll, M. (1939).  Les Poissons du Stanley-Pool. Annales du Musée du Congo belge. C.–Zoologie Série I.. 4, 1-60.
 
Poll, M. (1945).  Descriptions de Mormyridae et de Characidae nouveaux du Congo belge avec une étude du genre Stomatorhinus et des genres de Characidae nains africains. Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines. 39, 36–77.
 
Poll, M. (1967).  Contribution à la Faune Ichthyologique de l'Angola. Publicações Culturais. 381. Lisbon: Companhia de Diamantes de Angola.
 
Roberts, T. R., & Stewart D. J. (1976).  An ecological and systematics survey of fishes in the rapids of the Lower Zaïre or Congo River. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology. 147, 239–317.
 
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